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Felicio Law Firm

Relationship Stability Vs Assets Security

By | Family Law

Today, it is more common than not for couples to live together prior to getting married.

In fact, in Australia alone, about 80% of couples conduct this, potentially being able to ‘try before they buy’.

However, financial consequences regularly arise from this, as couples who have lived together longer than two years become susceptible to the possibility of their assets being claimable, as if they were already married. A recent article by the Daily Telegraph on 19 June 2017 ‘Reason at Romance’s Heart’, pronounces this very idea as it involves the co­mingling of you and your partner’s money which can easily result in a loss of assets. Due to this, preparation is key, as all individuals need to consider their options on the possibility their relationships may fall apart.

To protect your assets, lawyers suggest that it’s best to develop a thorough and effective asset protection strategy long before the possible need for it. This will enable you to have a safety net to fall back on if anything goes wrong within your relationship for the future. This can be implemented by a few tips and tricks outlined by the following.

Protecting your assets:

In any relationship, the ultimate way in protecting your assets that you bring to the table should always begin with a record keeping and valuation at the time your relationship begins. This forms as a base level to be financially secure and provide protection of your and your partner’s individual assets. Co-habitation agreements are a common way to outline a relationship, property rights and liabilities between a couple. They act as a basic pre-nuptial promise for couples to create in an effort to protect each party’s distinct assets.

Housekeeping expenses:

Budgeting financial housekeeping can also maintain independence within a relationship. Household budgets are vital when living with your partner, particularly if separate bank accounts are to be upheld. This will reflect each partner’s responsibility and can act as a common test for compatibility, as you will not be bound by each other’s expenses. Finding out that your partner is a compulsive gambler if you are a savvy shopper could lead you to decide to end the relationship and having kept your finances separate, you have a better chance to keep your assets.

Property pathways:

Owning a property and the decisions relating to this are extremely important in any relationship. The two distinct types for couples involve ‘tenancy in common’ or ‘joint tenancy’ and the difference could potentially impact you and your relationship. These two choices provide entirely different outcomes if a relationship, unfortunately, breaks down and therefore, can impact on your assets and financial protection. ‘Tenancy in common’ allocates each partner the direct ownership of a designated portion of the property, where each individual will be accountable for their own mortgage and own share of the property. On the other hand, ‘Joint Tenancy’ involves the agreement that a couple is jointly and severally responsible for the entirety of the property and mortgage. When renting, by adding your name to the lease you gain equal possession of the space and opportunity allowing for a better financial position if it comes down to the event of a break-up. If your name is not on the lease and the unfortunate event of a breakup unfolds, the person with their name on the lease has an upgraded position to continue possession of the rental property.

Personal Budgets and their impacts:

Before you or any couple agrees to rent a house or apartment together, you should consider creating an individual budget for all monthly bills, utilities and individual expenses to be conducted whilst living together. Alongside this, by purchasing items separately you utilise your ownership and possession of certain items within the relationship, therefore, recognising who owns what particular piece of furniture etc. In doing this, both parties can understand and respect their own contributions and ownership of items, in the preparation for any unfortunate event.

Talk about it!

Lack of communication regarding any finances in a relationship may result in money problems and lead to breakdowns. It is encouraged that all couples allocate time to talk about money with their partners and understand each other’s goals, plans and monitoring of finances. This will consequently ensure both individuals are on the same page and allow issues to be raised for any discussion. Warning! Do not fall into the trap where one partner controls all finances and decisions in a relationship. This is the biggest NO NO in being able to protect your assets and individual security. Money matters should be a joint decision in any relationship, providing stability and security to your asset management.

Our team are here to help you with Financial Agreements (before, during and after marriage) contact us today.

 

Commercial Law – Uncovering Unclaimed Money

By | Business Law

Commercial law is also known as the area of Business and Corporate law.

This aspect of law focuses on commerce, trade, sales alongside individuals and businesses who conduct particular financial activities. At Felicio Law Firm, we will support you in navigating and addressing issues you face in respects to your business affairs.

Uncovering Unclaimed Money

Do you have unclaimed money waiting to be retrieve in an account somewhere?

In Australia alone, there is over $1 Billion dollars’ worth of lost money waiting to be claimed by its rightful owner at any given time. This is due to the fact that the money has become unclaimed for a number of years. Keeping track of different accounts from superannuation, shares, insurance policies, bank accounts and investments can be quite hard, however if not tracked properly, it can lead to the result of your own money becoming unclaimed and lost.

When money in these accounts convert as unclaimed, the funds are then paid to the Australian Securities Investments Commission. Once unclaimed money is received by the ASIC, it is then transferred to the Commonwealth of Australia Consolidated Revenue Fund where the legitimate owner can request for the money at any given time.

Felicio Law Firm is a registered agent to the ASIC, and we able to conduct the lodgements and searches for any unclaimed money in Australia linked to you. We will be able to assist you in finding unclaimed money you may have lost, and conduct the correct procedure in claiming this money back for you.

What Does Same-Sex Marriage Mean For Property Proceedings?

By | Family Law

In more than two dozen countries including Australia, the legalisation of same-sex marriage represents a significant legal milestone.

Because the legislation has only been in effect in Australia since December 2017, a key question that remains largely unanswered is how the legal recognition of same-sex marriages in Australia will affect property proceedings.

This is important because the changes to Australian laws that permit same-sex marriage here also allow for the recognition of same-sex marriages that took place overseas. In other words, a gay or lesbian couple that wed in a country that had legalised same-sex marriage prior to 2017 and is now living in Australia will also be treated as a married couple under our laws. And depending on each couple’s situation, that can be complicated.

Let’s say, for example, that a couple married in a foreign country which legalised same-sex marriage 10 years ago. After living there for a couple of years, the couple returned to Australia but were never officially divorced, because their marriage was not legally recognised here at the time. If they were to now be married under Australian law, this would actually be a second marriage in the eyes of the law.

Under applicable laws, namely 88D(2) of the Marriage Act, the second marriage is voided once someone enters into a second valid marriage. This means that a couple in the circumstances detailed above may be forced to abide by the de-facto provisions of the Family Law Act instead of the marriage provisions.

Changes to the Family Law Act that took effect in 2008 authorised the Family Court to change property interests for same-sex couples who are in ‘de facto relationships’, effectively putting them on equal footing with heterosexual couples in the same legal classification.

Even so, initiating property proceedings is a little bit harder for these couples. This is because they have to meet a higher burden of proof to verify that they are, or were, in this type of relationship. For example, they must prove that they lived together (prior to separation) and had some degree of mutual financial dependence. On the other hand, the existence of a valid marriage is the only evidence a court needs to find that a married couple shared joint property interests.

Another factor to consider is that married couples have one year (12 months) in which to initiate property proceedings in court after the issuance of a divorce order. Conversely, de-facto couples must initiate property proceedings in court within 24 months (two years) after they have legally separated.

Because they have generally separated without the Court’s help and without applying for an official divorce in the country in which they were married, stipulations pertaining to these deadlines may also affect same-sex couples. The good news, however, is that the Court already has a framework for addressing this dilemma. This is because it comes across similar issues when separated heterosexual couples have procrastinated before filing for divorce, and then make court applications for property settlements several years after their legal separation.

To date, the Court hasn’t had to decide how the recognition of past same-sex marriage will affect the implementation of these deadlines. However, it does have the authority to decide whether a case should be dealt with by a judge on an individual basis, based on its evaluation of whether Court intervention is fair and just.

If you are a gay or lesbian couple that wed in another country and you are now living in Australia, it is important that you fully understand how legal recognition of same-sex marriage affects you.

We can help you with this complex and still emerging area of the law, contact us today.

 

Litigation Guardians – When Is It Appropriate?

By | Estate Planning, Litigation

One of the most common misconceptions about hiring a lawyer is that he or she will be solely responsible for making all of the decisions about your case both before and during any litigation.

It is true that your lawyer is legally and ethically obligated to provide the best possible legal advice and act in your best interest but provided you are making sound decisions based on the information he or she provides, your lawyer must also follow your instructions.

But what happens if you aren’t capable of telling your lawyer what to do? If you’re incapable of doing so because you’re under 18 years of age or disabled, the court will appoint someone called a litigation guardian to act on your behalf. In other words, this is someone who will effectively ‘step into your shoes’ to assess your best interests and instruct your lawyer accordingly.

To be selected as a litigation guardian, someone must:

  • be an adult;
  • demonstrate that he or she does not have any interest in the case that is opposed or potentially harmful to the interest of the person in need of his or her services;
  • be able to act fairly and competently;
  • consent to being a litigation guardian under applicable laws.

In some cases, relatives or other concerned parties will ask a lawyer to act as a litigation guardian. This is because a knowledgeable, experienced lawyer can act with a certain degree of objectivity and professionalism.

More often than not, the litigation guardian is a relative, friend or caregiver.  Barring that,  the court may select someone who does not personally know the person requiring a litigation guardian. In either case, the person chosen to fill this role must become familiar with the person’s situation and issue instructions that reflect their charge’s best interests.

Litigation guardians are generally appointed in the following types of cases:

  • Personal injury;
  • a criminal compensation application;
  • various matters related to Wills;
  • family provision applications.

A litigation guardian must be selected to represent someone in any Federal Circuit Court matter in which that party is incapable of understanding the proceeding or its potential consequences; or is incapable of fulfilling his or her legal obligations. Applicable court rules dictate that a minor must have a litigation guardian unless the court orders otherwise.

In accordance with Family Law Rules, a litigation guardian in the Family Court is known as a ‘case guardian’. In any Family Court matter a person who is legally classified as a child or is otherwise incapable of instructing his or her attorney, and/or fulfilling his or her legal obligations, must have a case guardian in order to initiate, continue, respond to, or intervene in proceedings. The only exception to this rule is if the court finds that the child not only comprehends the nature and possible consequences of the case, but can also make certain decisions and meet his or her legal obligations.

There are several methods for appointment. Someone can simply apply to be appointed a litigation guardian or case  guardian. In certain circumstances, the court may ask the Attorney-General to nominate a litigation guardian or case guardian. The court may also make its own motion for appointment of a litigation guardian. It may also remove or replace a litigation guardian.

Once the appointment is finalised, the litigation or case guardian must advise all other relevant parties about it in writing.

A newly-selected litigation guardian or case guardian must also abide by applicable court rules. Furthermore, he or she must do everything ordinarily required of a party to the litigation. Finally, he or she may also do anything that the party to the litigation would ordinarily do for his or her own benefit.

As we have already noted, a litigation guardian must obtain proper legal advice. In this context, he or she must duly consider any proposals for resolution of the case, such as participation in alternative dispute resolution.

In accordance with a relevant court order, any costs incurred by the litigation guardian are paid by a party to the litigation or from the income or property of the person that he or she represents.

To learn more about how to be appointed as a litigation guardian or any related issues, contact us today.

 

 

Conveyancing | 14 Resort Drive, Hamilton Island

By | Conveyancing

Conveyancing@ERINA  is a new Central Coast business initiative created to serve a need in the market for streamlined, cost-efficient conveyancing.

A ‘Fixed Fee – No Ifs or Buts’ pricing structure is offered to ensure you understand the total cost to complete your property transaction. Different fees apply according to the type of property being sold or purchased. These may include a block of land, a residential home, a unit in a strata complex, a business premise or commercial unit in a retail or industrial precinct, a rural lot in a subdivision or a unit in an aged care facility

See the listing online: